Casone Azzurro (light-blue) of Vallonga (municipality of Arzergrande) today offers a structure suitable to the architectural and practical characteristics of casoni in Saccisica.
Venetian casone is a tipical dwelling for venetian peasants. A really similar type of casoni was common also south in the areas of Bologna and Ferrara until the 19th century. But in that case they were simple houses for fishermen who used to work in the nearby swamps.
Casone azzurro: tipical architectural structure of casone.
The building is often free from basements and, if any, they are very simple made from waste or found on site materials . Usually the floor is compacted earth, but can also be tiled with tiles called “tavele”. The outer walls were the only part of mansory and on these was based the cone-shaped pitched roof.
Roof: the distinctive feature of casoni in Saccisica.
The roof is definitely the most particular item of casoni in the fields of Saccisica and it’s entirely built with reeds based on beams and tied together. The crawl space should be used as haystack and is connected with the underneath stable through a hatch. Inner walls are made of tickles and poles covered with clay (common practise also in buildings of Venice). For the painting, lime is essential to form the particular rough outer crust. Sometimes the windows in the bigger rooms have a view on a south porch. The chimney is wide and is located close to the walls.
We don’t know when casoni “appeared” in Veneto. It is certain that, since late Roman period, in the region people used to build shelters and warehouses using branches and straw, but the final developments probably happened after the achievements of the Serenissima. The mainland, after became the barn of Venice, had to manage the increasing food requirement of the capital and of the army; and there was also need to build quickly new shelters for large families which were the labour of that time. Usually landowners offered to sharecroppers a field where they built by themselves their own casone. At first it was just a shed livable only during growing season. Later these huts became stronger and with more masonry. Because of the industrialization, casoni started to disappear and changed to adjust new requirements.
Events in Casone Azzurro of Arzergrande
Casone Azzurro of Arzergrande hosts historically “Chronicae” and “Scene di Paglia” festival.
Casone Azzurro: nearby
- points of interest near Casone Azzurro
- parkings near Casone Azzurro
- all casoni near Casone Azzurro
Interesting facts about Casone Azzurro of Arzergrande
We had the honor of host the studio COLLABORATORIO of Helsinky (Finland) which studied the unique features for a new residential project in Finland. Special thanks to the municipality of Arzergrande for making available a lot of technical and structural documentation.